Cars & Bikes

The “Original Dutch” Car

I refer to cars often as an original Dutch car or the opposite, a non-Dutch car. This has nothing to do with the place the car has been manufactured, but with the fact that the car in question has its first registration in the Netherlands. One of the benefits of this, is that you can check whether a car has been in an accident, the mileage is correct and more. But there is one more thing why there is a difference between an original Dutch car and an imported car: the registration number.

The numbering scheme used in the Netherlands, bears no relation to the place of a vehicle’s registration or ownership, and numbers – which are issued in strict time order – identify the vehicle, not its owner. Thus, if a vehicle changes ownership, the registration number remains the same. Because of this strict time order, a car will be issued a registration number that is available on the day the car is first registered in the Netherlands. So, if you import a 20 year old car today, it will have a number that is issued in the year it was imported and not the year it was produced. Let’s take both of my Lincolns for example.

A 1989 Continental with 1991 registration (early side code 5)
My 1989 Continental with ’91 registration (early side code 5)
A 1989 Lincoln Continental with a blown head gasket and 1989 registration (late side code 4)
My ’89 Lincoln Continental with 1989 registration (late side code 4)

Both were 1989 cars, first registered in 1989. The grey one in The Netherlands, the red one in Florida. The grey Lincoln was issued the next available number on June 30th, 1989, which was  XK-14-FS. The first owner of the red Lincoln moved back to The Netherlands in 1991 and brought the car with him. So the red Lincoln was registered in The Netherlands on oct. 10th, 1991 and was issued the next available number, DG-RD-09.

By 2016 we have had nine different combinations of letters and numbers. The a called “side codes”, even in Dutch. I have no idea why it is called that way. The first side code was issued in 1951. In 1951 the provincial car registration system was abandoned due to the fact that people were more frequently driving outside the provinces they lived in. A national system was introduced and a government organization to control this all was erected. That organization, RDW, still exist and you can check any Dutch license plate on their website, www.rdw.nl.

A 1965 Barracuda with original 1965 registration (side code 1)
My mothers ’65 Barracuda with original 1965 registration (side code 1)

Side code 1 consisted of two alphanumeric characters and two times two numeric characters, as shown in the picture of the ’65 Barracuda. You would expect that the alphanumeric characters were used in alphabetical order. But the RDW didn’t do it that way. They started with the combination ND-00-01. when the combinations starting with a Z were all used, they started with the letter A and so on until the letter M was reached. By then it was 1965 and it was time for side code 2. The combination AA was and still is reserved for the Royal Family.

A 1968 Oldsmobile Toronado with 1968 registration (side code 2)
My fathers ’68 Oldsmobile Toronado with 1968 registration (side code 2)

Side code 2 consisted of two times two numeric characters and two alphanumeric characters, as shown in the picture of the ’68 Toronado. By now, the RDW followed a more logical sequence for the alphanumeric characters. The first issued combination was 00-01-AD

My ’75 AutoBianchi A112 with 1975 registration (side code 3)

In 1973 side code 3 was introduced. It consisted of two numeric characters, two alphanumeric characters and again two numeric characters. Like side code 2 the sequence was logical, starting with 00-AD-01. But other changes were made. In 1976 the black background op the license plate changed to dark blue and the option of a yellow plate with black characters was introduced. Choosing blue or yellow was an option you could make when you ordered the car, but als it was allowed to replace any Dutch plate with a yellow one. This was was a populair thing to do, because your car looked new.

My fathers ’77 Lincoln with 1977 registration and a 18.2 plate

But another thing was introduced in 1976. Until then there were two size plates. Rectangle and square. But as you can see in the pictures of my parents cars, those did not fit easily on American cars. So the 18.2 plate was introduced. A smaller plate, only in the color yellow, never in black or blue. It was only allowed to use these if it was permitted by the RDW, which ment all American cars produced in 1976 and later. Retrofit was not allowed. If you imported a European or Asian car from the US yourself, the so called grey imported, you could ask for an exception to this rule. The 18.2 was killed by European regulation.

My ’84 Renault 25 with 1984 registration (side code 4)

By 1978 it was time for side code 4. For side code 4 and later it became mandatory to use yellow plates. In 2000 all yellow plates were replaced by the so called GAIK plate, with the blue EU rectangle on the left. So by now it is not allowed to drive with a yellow plate without blue EU rectangle. Side code 4 consisted of two alphanumeric characters, two numeric characters and again two alphanumeric characters. The first plate issued was DB-BB-01

My ’94 Renault Clio with 1994 registration (side code 5)

By 1991 it was time for side code 5. It consisted of two times two alphanumeric characters and two numeric characters.

My ’02 Volvo V40 with 2002 registration (side code 6)

By 1999 it was time for side code 6. It consisted of two numeric characters and two times two alphanumeric characters.

By 2008 is was time for side code 7. This was the first time the RDW dropped the three time two character combination in favor of a two numeric characters, three alphanumeric characters and one numeric character combination. By 2013 it was replaced by one numeric character, two alphanumeric characters and two numeric characters (side code 8) and by 2015 it was time for side code 9, two alphanumeric characters, three numeric characters and one alphanumeric character.

So, even there is no direct relation between the age of the car and it’s registration number, a certain number can look out of time on a certain car. For the red Lincoln it didn’t matter that much. It was only a difference of two years and the ’91 model was not that different from the ’89 model.  On my Mercedes S class, it was a 27 year difference.

A brown 1980 Mercedes 280SE (W126) with 2007 registration. (late side code 6)
My brown ’80 Mercedes 280SE (W126) with 2007 registration. (late side code 6)
A also brown 1980 Mitsubishi Galant with 1980 registration. (early side code 4)
My brown ’80 Mitsubishi Galant with 1980 registration. (early side code 4)

For me that is at least very annoying, like a really ugly color on a car. Like brown. But there is more to Dutch license plates that can be very wrong. The color. No, not of the car. A black plate on a car that would never had a black plate when it was new. When side code 4 was introduced, yellow plates became mandatory. So a 1978 or newer car with black plates looks hideous. And that also applies for American cars with black 18.2 plates. These were never used. If you want to use a 18.2, use the proper yellow one. And it is maybe because I grew up with American cars with black square plates, that I really like that on an old Yank.